Parivartan: How BJP breached Mamata’s Bengal bastion

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    Parivartan: How BJP breached Mamata’s Bengal bastion


    lok sabha elections bjp, BJP bengal, Lok Sabha elections bjp, West bengal Lok sabha results, Lok sabha elections results, Lok sabha elections 2019, election news, west bengal news, mamata banerjee, narendra Modi, Modi west bengal, cpim, TMC
    Modi and Shah addressed 17 rallies each and each and by no manner lost their Bengal focus throughout the seven-phase campaign. (Explicit record: Partha Paul)

    It’s an unpretentious puny room on Pearabagan Road in Hooghly’s Chinsurah, with some chairs, posters and an idol of “Bharat Mata”. But within theBJP’s slack, proper and largely unspotted upward push in West Bengal, this room performed a task as factual as any.

    Sitting underneath a poster with images of High MinisterNarendra Modi, BJP chief Amit Shah and others, Arup Das says the room has been ransacked four cases and burnt down twice for the reason that BJP opened its place of work here in 2011, allegedly by ruling Trinamool Congress workers. “I changed into once for the length of the place of work when it changed into once establish ablaze once. Police took no action,” says Das, in-cost of the place of work and now a BJP ward president.

    At any time when it took establish, the BJP establish the place of work aid on its feet. The final time changed into once January 4, 2017. The place of work changed into once up and working by January 26. Now designated a ‘mandal place of work’, it changed into once from here that the birthday celebration took out a victory rally for its direct BJP Mahila Morcha president Locket Chatterjee, who received Hooghly Lok Sabha seat by 73,362 votes against the Trinamool’s Ratna De Nag.

    Now, the BJP has one more place of work — a bigger, ‘district place of work’ — 1.5 km away, that came up puny over a year within the past. Sitting in his chamber here, Subir Nag, the BJP Hooghly district president, remembers earlier cases. “Because of the the Trinamool fear, we would defend conferences at somebody’s house, at night. We communicated over WhatsApp and messages, we might perhaps also no longer defend public conferences or rallies… We changed our solution to remain invisible.”

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    The irony of this tactic isn’t lost on anybody in Bengal. The Trinamool led byMamata Banerjeehad perfected it when the direct changed into once underneath CPM defend. It would expose its voters, “Chup chap phoole chhaap (quietly vote for the flower — its birthday celebration image)”. The BJP changed it a puny. “Certainly it changed into once ‘chup chap kamal chhaap’,” says Nag.

    It changed into once soon after its 2014 Lok Sabha victory that a resolution changed into once taken by the BJP to unfold its presence in Bengal.

    But it wasn’t correct the voters who quietly counseled the BJP this time. With puny gross sales field administration and ground presence within the direct, the birthday celebration took aid wherever it received, including from the CPM’s successfully-entrenched footsoldiers. Many Left cadres did so openly, after crossing over from a sinking ship; others tacitly, seeking political survival against the Trinamool.

    The BJP, that received over Mamata’s upright-hand manMukul Roymanner aid in November 2017, additionally establish about wooing Trinamool leaders, spreading its footprints through theirs.

    Vote fragment over the years.

    The final-mile push changed into once equipped by Modi and Shah, who addressed 17 rallies each and each, by no manner lost their Bengal focus throughout the seven-phase campaign, and changed their message on the budge. By the level Modi hinted what changed into once coming, on April 29, announcing Mamata’s 40 MLAs have been in contact with the BJP, the bottom had already shifted.

    Two days after the implications, with the BJP standing at 40.30% vote fragment, against the Trinamool’s 43.30%, no one is mocking that form of 40. Some suppose it’ll be nearer to 100 (the Trinamool has 211 MLAs).

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    In Basirhat, a CPM and BJP place of work stand cheek by jowl. (Explicit record: Partha Paul)

    Offices, workplaces, workplaces

    The message from the birthday celebration leadership to them, says Nag, changed into once:“Aap log sangathan majboot karon, hawa hum log uthayenge(you of us toughen the organisation, we can create the wave)… We did what we are in a position to.”

    It changed into once soon after its 2014 Lok Sabha victory that a resolution changed into once taken by the BJP to unfold its presence in Bengal. With its seats saturated within the Hindi heartland, the birthday celebration identified Bengal, where it received 16.80% votes and two seats in 2014, as fertile territory. It had fought 2014 in Bengal functioning largely out of birthday celebration leaders’ residences, with wedding halls rented for bigger conferences. A resolution changed into once taken then to expend land and make modern workplaces in each and each of the 38 organisational districts of the birthday celebration. The establish land might perhaps no longer be came across, esteem Kolkata, Howrah, and other congested towns, houses have been to be equipped and made workplaces. The ability changed into once accelerated after the 2016 Assembly polls, which clearly confirmed the hotfoot of the Left because the foremost opposition.

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    Five years later, the BJP has largely met that plan. A two-storey constructing in Ranaghat, Nadia, is illustrative of what its workplaces hit upon esteem now. It has an air-conditioned, audio system-geared up seminar hall that can seat 500, separate spaces for leaders, a convention room, rooms for birthday celebration wings esteem the Yuva Morcha or Mahila Morcha, IT cells, and even residential areas for birthday celebration leaders/workers, and a canteen.

    A first-rate from Madhya Pradesh who had impressed the BJP leadership along with his work in Haryana, BJP national well-liked secretary Kailash Vijayvargiya changed into once appointed co-observer for Bengal in July 2015. Belief about among the prime architects of the BJP’s Bengal efficiency now, he says, “Now we have our organisation till the gross sales field stage and our infrastructure in all districts of the direct.”

    Because it constructed the birthday celebration bottom up, the BJP additionally establish in establish its organisation: “Now we have gross sales field committees with panna pramukhs, Shakti Kendras which hit upon after 5 to seven gross sales field committees each and each, and mandals overseeing nine to 12 Shakti Kendras,” says Surajit Saha, the district president of the BJP’s Howrah Town organisational district.

    Adds Pratap Banerjee, the well-liked secretary (organisation) of the birthday celebration’s Bengal unit, “In 2014, we had no organisational presence in half of the 77,000-unheard of polling cubicles within the direct. Now, now we have committees in 72,000, and 1,300 Shakti Kendras. In many cubicles now we have educated panna pramukhs to hit upon after 30 voters each and each.”

    One amongst the areas the BJP centered changed into once the Jhargram tribal belt, falling underneath Junglemahal, which changed into once regarded as a Trinamool stronghold after the Mamata executive drove out Maoists from here. The BJP now has a two-storey place of work here with an IT cell, convention rooms and chambers. “We done the place of work after the 2018 direct panchayat polls,” says the BJP’s Jhargram district secretary, Deep Kumar Bera.

    The birthday celebration reaped dividends of this work in that election, winning 35 of the 79 gram panchayats, two of the nine panchayat samitis, and two of the 16 seats within the zilla parishad in Jhargram. Besides to in doubtlessly the latest Lok Sabha polls. BJP candidate Kunar Hembram, an IIT Kharagpur engineer, defeated the Trinamool’s Birbaha Soren from Jhargram Lok Sabha seat by 11,767 votes.

    The BJP expansion went on even within the course of the campaign. The birthday celebration place of work in Kolkata Dakshin constituency changed into once inaugurated in April. The Nadia place of work changed into once opened finest in February. At the BJP headquarters in Central Kolkata, aggravating renovation changed into once on till deep into the campaign.

    BJP Nadia district president Jagannath Sarkar, who received from Ranaghat Lok Sabha seat by a huge margin of two.33 lakh votes, doesn’t underestimate the role of this very viewed BJP presence. Giving a tour of the Nadia place of work, he says, “In 2014 or even 2016, the BJP place of work on this district changed into once the net carried by district leaders. We outdated to raise papers and meet of us at their homes.”

    Talking to The Sunday Explicit on the BJP headquarters, well-liked secretary Banerjee says their work is far from done. Reminding that in 2014, the birthday celebration had around 10-12 lakh members, he says, “As antagonistic to leaders, a whole bunch of Trinamool and CPM workers have joined us. Our cell phone membership is around 42 lakh now.”

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    The BJP, that received over Mamata’s upright-hand man Mukul Roy manner aid in November 2017, additionally establish about wooing Trinamool leaders, spreading its footprints through theirs. (Explicit record: Partha Paul)

    Further hands

    Though no longer openly, the BJP admits that these grassroot cadres of the Left shaped its backbone on election day.

    But the signs that the Left had conceded defeat had been evident long sooner than. Two days sooner than the final phase of polls in Bengal on Might well also honest 19, The Sunday Explicit visited diverse CPM workplaces in Dum Dum, Barasat and Basirhat constituencies, and came across many locked. In others finest a handful of birthday celebration cadres have been unusual.

    Sitting within the empty CPM place of work at Nagerbazar in Dum Dum, amidst a pile of posters and handbills seeking votes for birthday celebration candidate Nepaldeb Bhattarcharjee, birthday celebration place of work secretary of South Dumdum (1) field committee Gopal Nag Chowdhury sounded despondent. “Many of us have joined the BJP thanks to the fear of the Trinamool. Now we have told them no longer to bring a dacoit to power away a thief. The BJP and Trinamool each and each play communal politics,” acknowledged the 46-year-broken-down, a CPM cadre for 22 years.

    Additionally Learn |Mamata: My offer to forestall as CM rejected, will focus more on TMC

    At the CPM place of work in Netajipalli in Barasat, Gopal Sarkar, a member of the sphere committee, lamented the rising irrelevance of the Left. “Everyone looks to be announcing it is Modi versus Mamata, nevertheless it is no longer upright. The Left is additionally there.” Pointing to a locked birthday celebration place of work a stone’s throw away, Sarkar claimed the Trinamool did no longer allow them to originate it. He joined the CPM 19 years within the past, as a 20-year-broken-down.

    The Explicit came across two other CPM workplaces in Barasat locked. And in Basirhat, a CPM and BJP place of work standing cheek by jowl. BJP leaders suppose that whereas the CPM place of work has been around for years, they establish up theirs next door in 1998 as it changed into once “doubtlessly the most easy house on hand in Basirhat for a birthday celebration place of work then”. Now, many of the leaders who take a seat within the BJP place of work are of us that have merely walked over.

    Shantanu Chakraborty, broken-down CPI direct committee member and son of the birthday celebration’s broken-down Basirhat MP Ajay Chakraborty, is now BJP district secretary. “Two years aid there changed into once a riot in Basirhat. Even sooner than that this field changed into once turning correct into a hotbed for Muslim fundamentalism. Added to here is the phobia of the Trinamool. Many esteem me have joined the BJP,” says Shantanu.

    Tapas Ghosh, a branch committee member of the CPM, joined the BJP in 2016 and is now a birthday celebration ward president. Scoffing at of us that cite “ideology”, Ghosh says, “Now we have told Left workers, first establish your lifestyles then exclaim claiming ‘Inquilab Zindabad’. Over a thousand Left workers joined the BJP with us. It is we who are the BJP’s panna pramukhs, gross sales field presidents, Shakti Kendra pramukhs in a majority of the cubicles in Basirhat.”

    Both Ghosh and Shantanu additionally suppose the rise of the BJP changed into once inevitable, no longer much less than in Basirhat. “So many mosques have method up here and so many temples. Hanuman Mandirs have seriously change a craze of late… Hindus with cash are making them. Even at my home we steer decided of non-vegetarian meals now on Tuesdays. It is happening as a response to the onslaught of Muslims,” says Ghosh.

    With outcomes on the table, one establish of political theorists continue to argue that the CPM and Congress ought to have tied up. But, even here, the “damage” as a result of this

    “non-alliance” might perhaps also have been more to the Left. While the Congress’s vote fragment fell from 9.58% in 2014 to 5.61%, the Left’s plunged from 34% to 7.46%.

    CPM chief and birthday celebration Bankura candidate Amiya Patra insists the desertions from the birthday celebration are “immediate-time duration”. “The Trinamool has implemented atrocities against Left workers and slapped flawed expenses against them. They’ve chosen to hitch the BJP to establish their lives for now. They’ll method aid when the difficulty changes.”

    Patra changed into once portion of the Left decimation in Bengal, getting correct over 1 lakh votes.

    Ghosh says he is no longer bowled over. “The tip Left leaders in Bengal comprehend all of it, nevertheless attain no longer score the type.”

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    The bottom changed into once ripe then for Modi and Shah to originate their closing blitzkrieg. (Explicit record: Partha Paul)

    Arouse against Trinamool

    According to the BJP, whilst several Trinamool leaders have joined it, a mighty number helped it silently. A pair of of them, including MLAs, reportedly remained dormant all around the campaign and on poll days.

    Get grasp of Bijpur Assembly phase in Barrackpur Lok Sabha seat. Subhrangshu Roy, the son of broken-down Trinamool chief and now among the BJP’s foremost leaders within the direct, Mukul Roy, is a sitting Trinamool MLA from Bijpur. The BJP, which received Barrackpur, received a lead here. A day after the implications, Subhrangshu hinted at joining the BJP.

    Equally, in Maniktola Assembly seat underneath its MLA Sadhan Pandey, the Trinamool received a lead of finest 580 votes, though birthday celebration chief Sudip Bandyopadhyay lastly received from Kolkata Uttar very easily.

    A bunch of Trinamool rebels supplemented BJP efforts by transforming their tiny local workplaces into BJP workplaces. As an instance, after Trinamool Bhatpara MLA Arjun Singh joined the BJP, Trinamool workplaces there changed into saffron overnight. Arjun Singh received from Barrackpur on a BJP ticket.

    Referring to Modi’s observation that 40 Trinamool MLAs have been in contact with the BJP, a senior birthday celebration chief says, “These of us will now method out within the originate and be part of us. Many dissident leaders no longer finest deliberately slowed the budge of the campaign nevertheless additionally helped us attain door to door. On poll day they helped of us vote (against the Trinamool’s risk tactics)… The Trinamool leadership did no longer tune these leaders.”

    On this, Mukul Roy again proved a thorn in his broken-down birthday celebration’s facet. Among other issues, he had a hand in wooing over suspended TMC MPs Saumitra Khan and Anupam Hazra as antagonistic to Arjun Singh. Khan too received.

    The Trinamool believes the sword of chit fund scams and Narada sting operation striking over many TMC leaders is additionally a motive for their vulnerability.

    Says Anubrata Mandal, birthday celebration Birbhum district president, “Those that left us are traitors. It is factual riddance. A pair of of the traitors are peaceable with us, we can establish them. On the more than a few hand we are confident that we are going to grasp within the 2021 Assembly polls.”

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    All across the direct, Mamata’s wooing of the direct’s 27% Muslim inhabitants changed into once cited as a motive by Hindu voters for consolidating slack the BJP. (Explicit record: Partha Paul)

    Polarisation

    But it’s no longer correct its leaders that the Trinamool has been shedding, it’s additionally voters. All across the direct, Mamata’s wooing of the direct’s 27% Muslim inhabitants changed into once cited as a motive by Hindu voters for consolidating slack the BJP.

    The BJP started tapping into this resentment long aid, whether or no longer it changed into once the Kaliachak Police Space assault by a largely Muslim mob that changed into once made a national mumble by the birthday celebration, or the death of two Hindu youths at Daribhit Excessive College in Islampur all over a whisper basically over scarcity of teachers. The BJP establish up its place of work in Islampur, Raiganj, within the location of 1 of the victims. All throughout the campaign, BJP leaders, including all its candidates, participated in Ram Navami celebrations. Unknown in Bengal till even four years within the past, Ram Navami and Hanuman Jayanti rallies are undoubtedly a staple, led by the VHP and RSS. Islampur saw among the largest Ram Navami rallies this year.

    The cleaving along spiritual lines changed into once evident within the implications, in particular in seats with mighty Muslim populations much like Raiganj and Maldaha Uttar, where Hindus balloting en bloc saw the BJP through. A broken-down Congress bastion received by CPM stalwart Md Salim in 2014, Raiganj has 49.5% Muslim voters. It changed into once received by a BJP unknown, Deboshree Chowdhury, with 40% votes. In Maldaha Uttar, one more Congress bastion, 37.61% of the votes went to the BJP’s Khagen Murmu.

    The BJP changed into once additionally ready to use the anger over the Trinamool’s mockery of the 2018 panchayat polls, where 34% of the seats went uncontested in face of its muscle vitality. Many of us all around the campaign told the Explicit they’d been denied their votes and wanted to educate Mamata a lesson.

    In many areas in North Bengal, including Chopra (underneath Darjeeling seat), villagers, including girls, blocked roads when allegedly prevented from reaching polling stations this time. Later, with Central forces watching, they have been ready to vote.

    While Mamata sought to create the deployment of Central forces an argument, Modi highlighted incidents esteem at Chopra. On Thursday, Darjeeling, Cooch Behar, Alipurduar, Raiganj, Jalpaiguri in North Bengal all saw the BJP grasp. With the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha shatter up, and the GNLF supporting it, the BJP received Darjeeling with 59.9% vote fragment.

    The bottom changed into once ripe then for Modi and Shah to originate their closing blitzkrieg. Their campaign issues, as antagonistic to Pulwama and Central schemes, have been highlighting “failures” of the Mamata regime and its “appeasement” politics. When one of his conferences changed into once cancelled after he changed into once denied permission to land his chopper, Shah held a avenue gift in Kolkata, main a sea of BJP workers chanting Jai Shri Ram slogans, with many of them dressed up as Ramayana characters.

    The meticulous BJP planning changed into once evident from among the places it changed into its sights on — Thakurnagar, the headquarters of the Matua neighborhood. Modi held a rally here even sooner than campaigning began. The Trinamool scrambled to scheme discontinuance up, held counter rallies there, whilst many dug up maps to compare out net 22 situation Thakurnagar. On Thursday, each and each Ranaghat and Bongaon seats, dominated by the Matuas, went to the BJP.

    Two days after the implications, even the well-liked hanger-ons originate air Mamata’s location in Kalighat are missing, whereas it’s all aloof on the birthday celebration headquarters, Trinamool Bhawan, in Kolkata. In areas where the birthday celebration did successfully, workers held some low-key celebrations.

    The BJP, within the interim, is zeroing in on a brand fresh address in Kolkata, to shift its direct headquarters to. This will also be a long comprise.

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